Consultants determine key measures to scale back alcohol consumption in Germany

Consultants determine key measures to scale back alcohol consumption in Germany

In a current article printed within the journal Addiction Science & Clinical Practiceresearchers determine measures that enhance alcohol well being literacy (AHL) and decrease alcohol consumption in Germany.

Research: Improving alcohol health literacy and reducing alcohol consumption: recommendations for Germany. Picture Credit score: Oleksandra Naumenko/


In accordance with the World Well being Group (WHO), two major determinants of alcohol use are the supply and affordability of alcoholic merchandise. Theoretically, these seem straightforward to handle by modulating coverage; nonetheless, virtually, these elements require public and political help.

A sustainable discount of alcohol consumption requires altering a person’s danger notion and social norms, alongside lowering their availability and affordability. For instance, rising consciousness that alcohol use is a danger issue for most cancers might assist enhance help for alcohol management insurance policies.

Aside from a couple of nations, most nations haven’t made vital progress in lowering alcohol consumption and, because of this, typically report a excessive prevalence of alcohol customers. Notably, alcohol consumption is very prevalent in most middle- and high-income nations.

The core AHL attributes, which embody the capability to course of and perceive data about alcohol content material, strengths, items, and hurt, might turn out to be a automobile for the sustainable discount of alcohol use. These traits are embedded in social and systemic environments known as antecedents, which facilitate or restrict the institution of low-risk alcohol use patterns or abstinence.

Concerning the research

Within the present research, the authors searched PubMed utilizing key phrases like ‘affordability’ to derive suggestions for bettering AHL. For schooling, well being care, and coverage, the researchers invited 5 consultants to overview the derived suggestions.

The reviewers rated the suggestions based mostly on their possible impression on AHL and lowering alcohol consumption. Inter-rater settlement was assessed utilizing a two-way intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC).

The researchers selected Germany as a goal for the measures to enhance AHL for a number of causes. Whereas different European nations have carried out strict alcohol management insurance policies to scale back alcohol consumption, Germany has not.

The truth is, the per capita alcohol consumption in Germany is above the worldwide and European averages, thereby leading to substantial alcohol-attributable morbidity. Regardless of its excessive monetary burden on the German inhabitants, basic well being literacy, together with AHL, stays low in Germany, particularly amongst susceptible teams.

Research findings

A complete of 11 suggestions had been discovered to strengthen AHL and scale back alcohol consumption in Germany. 4 of those suggestions had been associated to schooling and knowledge measures.

‘Unplugged’, for instance, is a school-based alcohol prevention program in Europe that gives data and abilities associated to AHL in a collection of 12 periods delivered over one 12 months. One other intervention instance is “Klar bleiben,” which interprets to “keep clear” in German, which entails college students committing to not participating in heavy consuming, even often, for 9 weeks and discussing alcohol-related matters amongst themselves.

Whereas such applications critically mirrored on alcohol promoting, they should be tailor-made to formulate acceptable targets, similar to delaying the onset of alcohol use for youthful folks. Moreover, though these education-based measures successfully raised particular person competencies regarding alcohol consumption, they didn’t affect alcohol consumption.

Alcohol management coverage measures, similar to alcohol taxes, had been discovered to be best in lowering precise alcohol consumption; nonetheless, that they had a low impression on AHL. The reviewers made research suggestions for Germany; nonetheless, these might additionally apply to different nations, similar to Central-Western European nations with related cultures and economies.

The present research highlighted AHL as a separate entity from alcohol consumption. To this finish, applications concentrating on the enhancement of AHL give attention to psychological ideas, like consciousness, whereas the evaluation of alcohol management insurance policies focuses on alcohol gross sales and population-level well being outcomes. As a result of these two areas of motion function in solitude, their efficacy is restricted.

One reviewed research proposed the significance of accelerating public consciousness that alcohol is related to numerous social and well being dangers. This academic strategy might facilitate the educational of danger consciousness abilities that might assist obtain adherence to stricter alcohol management insurance policies.

Sadly, the authors couldn’t discover empirical proof of how these insurance policies work together with education-based consciousness measures or whether or not to mix these two areas of analysis.


The research findings emphasize the significance of integrating alcohol methods to sustainably enhance AHL and scale back alcohol consumption. Importantly, any measure focused to scale back the societal alcohol burden shouldn’t stigmatize individuals who eat alcohol or have alcohol use problems.

Journal reference:

  • Manthey, J., Kokole, D., Riedel-Heller, S. et al. (2023). Bettering alcohol well being literacy and lowering alcohol consumption: suggestions for Germany. Dependancy, Science, and Medical Apply 18(28). doi:10.1186/s13722-023-00383-0

Written by

Neha Mathur

Neha is a digital advertising skilled based mostly in Gurugram, India. She has a Grasp’s diploma from the College of Rajasthan with a specialization in Biotechnology in 2008. She has expertise in pre-clinical analysis as a part of her analysis venture in The Division of Toxicology on the prestigious Central Drug Analysis Institute (CDRI), Lucknow, India. She additionally holds a certification in C++ programming.


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